Life-365 Software Overview
Life-365 is software designed to estimate the service life and
life-cycle costs of alternative concrete mix designs. It follows a methodology,
created by the Life-365 Consortium I and II groups of companies, that gives research-based
estimates of the effects of concrete design, chloride exposure, environmental
temperature, concrete mixes and barriers, and steel types on this service life
and life-cycle cost.
This page gives a quick overview of how Life-365 is structured and used; for
more information, see the Life-365 Users Manual
When you first start Life-365, you will see splash screen in the main window,
a navigation panel on the left side, which you can use to start new projects,
open existing projects, and get help with steps in the analysis; and a series
of tabs at the bottom which allow you to set your default values (for example,
using U.S. or S.I. units of measure) and access on-line help.
To start a new project, select "Open new project" from the left-side navigation
When the new project is created, a series of tabs will appear in the main
window. To conduct the project analysis, access each tab, starting from the left
side and then working toward the right. In the first tab, shown above, you set
the project name and date, the type of structure (slab or column) and its dimensions,
and the number of alternative concrete mixes to be analyzed.
In the second tab, you set the environmental conditions to which your structure
will be exposed, in particular the maximum chloride surface concentration (one
of the factors that determines how long it takes the chloride concentrations
on the reinforcing steel to reach critical levels) and monthly variations in
temperature (which affect the diffusivity of the concrete). Life-365 comes with
a database of concentration and temperature values for regions in North America;
for other areas, you can input your own values.
The third tab is used to specify the concrete mix for each of your project
alternatives. The top of the screen has a list of concrete mixes (each corresponds
to one of the projects); select an alternative from this list to then select
the values for w/cm ratio, SCMs (silica fume, fly ash, and slag), steel, inhibitor,
and barrier used. Once you specify each of the concrete mixes, press the Recalculate
service lives button at the top. This will calculate the initiation period (time
for the chlorides to initiate corrosion of the reinforcing), the propagation
period (time between first corrosion and time to repair), and service life (the
sum of initiation and propagation periods). It will also create a series of graphs
at the bottom that help interpret the service life estimates.
Once the concrete service lives have been calculated, the next tab, above,
is used to input the costs of concrete, steel, inhibitors, and barriers, and
the amount, cost, and timing of repairs. Because the costs of concrete itself
vary widely, it is strongly recommended that you input your own costs in the
upper-left, Set Concrete Costs table. Once all of these costs have been reviewed
and if necessary modified, the lower panel shows, for each alternative, a timeline
of the costs (amount, year of occurrence).
Finally, the life-cycle costs tab above allowsÂ you to see and compare
the life-cycle costs of each project alternative; it does this through summary
bar charts of life-cycle cost; stacked bar charts of component life-cycle costs
(construction, barrier, and repair costs), annual and cumulative present-value
and current-dollar costs. These calculations follow the ASTM standard approaches
for estimating life-cycle costs. You can also conduct sensitivity analysis of
some of the factors that affect life-cycle cost.
Life-365 offers a wide range of ways to print or export results; for example,
- printout a concrete mix report and a life-cycle cost report;
- export the project
data (by selecting Export project data from the navigation panel);
table data to the clipboard and then paste in Excel or into Word tables; and
- copy timeline graph data to clipboard and then paste in Excel or Word.
the Users Manual for a more complete description of how to use Life-365.